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Book Review: Kanshiram

Written By kom nampultig on Senin, 28 Juli 2014 | 18.47

Book: Kanshiram: Leader of the Dalits
Author: Badri Narayan
Publisher: Penguin/Viking
Pages: 265

Kanshiram was to Dalits what Narendra Modi is for Hindutva - an icon. Much like Modi, Kanshiram struggled from an early age to ultimately make a mark in politics. But the struggle was much harder for this sturdy 'Chamar Sikh' from Punjab with a Hindu name.

Unlike Modi, Kanshiram had no political party to lean on. After backbreaking efforts, he founded one, the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), which, in just a short period, ended up as one of India's major political formations, shaking up the Congress in the state which matters, Uttar Pradesh, and beyond. This book is the first major - and very rich - biography of Kanshiram, who, on the road to success, boasted: "Ambedkar collected books, I gathered people."

Unlike most political leaders, Kanshiram sacrificed everything he had for a cause he held dear: help Dalits lead a better life. A science graduate, he quit as a Class I officer in a government establishment in Pune after fighting to restore Ambedkar Jayanti and Buddha Jayanti as official holidays. He joined the Republican Party of India but quit in disgust despairing over its lack of militancy. Kanshiram was very clear: "Rights are to be seized, not requested for." It is a thinking that shaped his life.

The victory in Pune led Kanshiram to plunge into Dalit literature and Dalit politics in real earnest. Taking measured steps, he founded the Backward and Minority Communities Employees Federation (BAMCEF) to rally lower caste government employees. He also took a momentous decision - rare in politics - to cut off all ties with his family. He pledged never to return home, never to marry, never to take part in social gatherings, never to take up any other job, and "not rest in peace till Balasaheb Ambedkar's dream had been fulfilled". Kanshiram kept his word. When his father died, he didn't go home to perform, as the eldest of seven children, the last rites; these were done by a younger brother.

As an activist, he was humbleness personified. When he travelled to mobilize Dalits, he would eat at homes of fellow activists; not spend public money on hotels. With his chosen comrades, Kanshiram moved from place to place with just a bag containing a set of clothes and some items of daily use. He travelled on trains in general compartments, "enduring all the dirt, dust, heat and cold". If tired, he would put his slippers in his bag and use it as a pillow to take a nap. He dressed simply, in half-sleeve shirts and trousers, at times buying them from markets selling second-hand garments. He made his own slippers out of rubber tires. Once someone picked Kanshiram's pocket, leaving him with no money for a tonga ride from a railway station; so he walked 15 km to deliver election posters to a village. Kanshiram's devotion gave the BSP a solid foundation that survives to this day.

As his reputation spread, BAMCEF attracted tens of thousands of the best of Dalits - PhD scholars, scientists, doctors, government staff et al. Kanshiram held seminars and rallies. He re-created forgotten Dalit saints and heroes including from the 1857 revolt. He popularized Ambedkar in Uttar Pradesh like never before. BAMCEF (formally born in 1978) was followed in 1981 by the more political Dalit Shoshit Samaj Sangharsh Samiti or DS4, whose membership was open to all except Brahmins, Kshatriyas and Banias. A 1983-84 all-India cycle rally by some 300,000 DS4 activists was Kanshiram's first show of strength.

Kanshiram was no blind follower of Ambedkar. Unlike Ambedkar who stood for annihilation of caste, Kanshiram utilized the caste divisions to his advantage, building a broad platform of lower castes to derail traditional parties and sought to take control of governments. It was a bold move that paid great dividends. Again, unlike Ambedkar, Kanshiram never converted to Buddhism - probably he was afraid of offending the "Chamar Hindus" of Uttar Pradesh.

DS4 led to the BSP in 1984. In no time the new party outpaced both the Congress and the BJP in Uttar Pradesh. Making use of opportunistic alliances, he installed Mayawati as the country's first Dalit chief minister in Uttar Pradesh. In 2001, due in part to growing internal differences within the party and to failing health (the feverish pace of work led to diabetes and high blood pressure), Kanshiram bequeathed the BSP leadership to the young Mayawati. In 2003, he suffered a brain stroke, and died three years later amid allegations that Mayawati had held him a prisoner.

Kanshiram succeeded where even Ambedkar failed: stitching together a fighting Dalit network. It was no easy task. It was a self-made man who aroused the Dalits. That the BSP has its limitations even vis-a-vis Dalits is another story. One does wonder if Kanshiram would be happy to see the BSP - and Mayawati's lifestyle and politics -- of today. This book must be read by every student of Indian politics.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/followceleb.cms?alias=penguin,Leader of the Dalits,Kanshiram,book review,Badri Narayan


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Clean furniture the right way

Sparkling furniture makes for an impressive home. Make sure you use the right cleaning and maintenance methods for different kinds of furniture items.

Indian online home store Fabfurnish.com has listed ways to ensure that everything from your dressers, tables, couches, chairs to bookcases look squeaky clean all year round:

Painted furniture: Painted furniture is the easiest to clean. On a weekly basis, dust or wipe it clean with a cloth dampened with water. Be sure not to leave water spots on the surface as they can leave permanent marks. Add an oil finish for the best possible protection.

Wooden furniture: Wooden furniture needs to be cleaned with extra care. For everyday cleaning, use a soft and dry piece of cloth to dust such pieces. Special cleaning will involve the use of a lint-free cloth to polish the furniture on a regular basis. To avoid polish smudges, always use the same type of polish, oil-based or wax-based, throughout. Wipe in the direction of the grain of the wood whenever possible. When it is time to remove the built-up wax, use either mineral spirits or synthetic turpentine with a soft, lint-free cloth. Clean the entire piece of furniture with the polish and not just the area that's soiled.

Leather furniture: Leather is one material that can crack easily so keep it away from heat or direct sunlight. Cleaning it is relatively easy if done regularly. Use a damp sponge or soft cloth and dust the furniture daily. If there are excessive marks, make a solution with one-fourth cup white vinegar and half cup water. Dip a soft cloth in this solution and clean the furniture. Follow this with a wash of leather saddle soap. Afterwards, rub the furniture with a dry soft cloth.

Wicker and cane furniture: Dust regularly and vacuum often to get rid of the grime settled in the cracks of the finishes. When exposed to intense sunlight, the natural fibres of wicker, cane and rush furniture tend to dry out. In such conditions, place the piece of furniture in a bathtub full of warm water or spray with a hose outside. This will help your chairs, stools and tables to retain their natural fibre setting.

Upholstered furniture: Keep upholstered furniture away from direct sunlight as most fabrics tend to fade. Vacuum the surfaces weekly. Flip cushions and pillows regularly so both sides wear out evenly.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/followceleb.cms?alias=wooden furniture,painted furniture,Leather Furniture,Furniture,Cleaning


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Fun indoor activities for your kids

With summer at its peak, sending your child out to play in the sun is definitely not a good idea.

Instead, get your kid occupied with these interesting indoor activities.

Aerobic exercises
Put on peppy music and get your child to do some fun, aerobic indoor exercises.

Create an indoor fort
Spend a lazy afternoon with your kid, creating an indoor fort made up of blankets and pillows.

Design a treasure hunt
Choose some unusual spots around your house and hide some items for a treasure hunt. If child is too young to read, draw their sketches.

Have a family play date
If your kid's friends are out of town, have a family play date in the evenings. Get your partner involved too and spend time together playing board games or cooking interesting recipes.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/followceleb.cms?alias=Treasure hunt,Summer holidays,kids,indoor activities


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Are you dating a ‘bitch’?

If you're in the hands of such a beast, you may already suspect it. But here's the definitive list that might prove that she's a bitch once and for all.

She'll tease and allure other men right in front of you, never once considering how you may feel about it. There are no bounds to her search for attention and admiration. And to top it off, she'll extract whatever feelings of jealousy she can from you by comparing you to other men.

A bitch cares nothing about the feelings of others, not even those of the hapless sap she may be dating. In fact, she uses her man as a punching bag. Sometimes she even berates him in front of his friends, or even hers. She does this either as a power trip, to show others she can, or simply to beat a man's self-worth down to her own level -- after all, misery loves company.

A bitch's massive superiority complex makes her think people are born to be her servants, especially her boyfriend. As someone who spends a lot of his time with her, she uses you to do all the menial tasks that she doesn't want to. Sometimes she'll even boss you around for the power trip -- just because she can.

As she thinks that it is the duty of others to provide for her, the bitch is a tightwad. On dates she always selects expensive restaurants, orders the priciest dish and drink, but never offers to pay. She won't pitch in for petrol on trips or for food at a get-together. She buys crappy gifts for others, when she can be bothered, usually expecting you to pay for them. And if you mention any of these things, she'll accuse you of being cheap!

A bitch has no respect for those who do things for her. She's rude to people who work in the service industry, such as waiters and clerks, seeing them not as human beings, but as robots who exist solely to serve her. She talks at them -- not to them.

She has no compassion for people in need, such as the poor or the sick. "It's their own fault," she'll tell herself and others. More sickening still, she's mean to children, as they are a nuisance and can't do anything for her. And since her existence dwells on envy, she constantly badmouths other women over trivial things, such as their earrings or the way they speak.

You want to know just how heartless such a woman can be? Not only does she not appreciate all the effort you put into pleasing her sexually, she also has the gall to ridicule you. But she'll pick the oddest times to do so, such as during an unrelated argument or just randomly in passing. This could be a cruel comment about your size, stamina or technique. More grating still is the fact that she would go crazy if you were to reciprocate the slur.

A bitch is usually a spoiled brat who simply refuses to grow up. She was pampered and adored as a child, and typically given anything she asked for. As an adult, she still thinks she is entitled to everything. She consistently expects car rides, gifts and attention from you. She makes constant demands of people, and never listens to their requests. There is no fixing such a person; it's programmed into her. Only by being denied several times will she begin to get a clue.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/followceleb.cms?alias=relationship,Dating,couples,conflicts,Bitch


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5-minute quick hair fixes

The Braided Top Bun: This chic updo is a lovely summery variation of the ballerina bun. It's quick it's chic and it always looks good.

Start by creating a high ponytail and place a hair doughnut at the base of the ponytail to give the bun a nice shape, recommends the hair genius. Cover the bun with your hair and secure it with a hair band leaving the hair hanging around the bun. Divide the extra hair in two sections and braid each one of them. Finish by carefully wrapping the braids around the bun and secure with bobby pins.

The Bubble Ponytail: Fun, quick and chic this hairdo is ideal for a post-beach makeover, says Asgar. Apply a smoothening balm to your tresses and gather your hair in a high ponytail. Tease the ponytail to get a nice volume and add a texturising spray. Take clear elastic bands and place them along the ponytail in equidistant intervals. Finish with a light-hold hair spray to keep it in place.
The Messy Side Braid: This bohemian-chic hairdo is ideal for a summer bonfire party and the perfect accessory for a long flowy dress. French braid the back strands of your hair from back to side and create a side pony tail, explains Asgar. Using a paddle brush, tease the ponytail to add volume. Braid the teased hair into a regular braid and pull t to the side to create that nice messy-chic texture.
The Loose Bun and Headpiece: This is the perfect style to showcase a beautiful headpiece, says Asgar. The style is simple and understated, and can easily be done in less than five minutes. To create this look, pull your hair into a low loose ponytail and secure it with an elastic band. Carefully twist the ponytail and wrap it around the base. Finish by securing it with bobby pins.
The Front Side Braid: A playful feminine hairdo, the front side braid is perfect for a summer evening out. Start by applying sea salt pray to get lovely tousled waves. Part your hair to the side and French braid the front section of your hair and pin it at the side, leaving the rest of your tresses loose. Use bobby pins to hold it in place.
Inputs by hairstylist Asgar Saboo

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/followceleb.cms?alias=Asgar,the rest,Ponytail,hairdo,Hair


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How to find the pleasure spots in your man

Written By kom nampultig on Minggu, 27 Juli 2014 | 18.47

Not the obvious hotspots, but there are some spots which if you identify can make your man go bonkers with experiencing maximum erotic pleasure.

The body gets its maximum pleasure from the senses and touch makes all the difference when it comes to experiencing erotica. While a lot is said about the male G spot, it varies from man to man on which part of the male body gets titillated the maximum.

If fathoming the man's contentment is through his stomach - by good and tasty food, one's way of excellent foreplay depends a lot on identifying his erotic hotspots that will make him experience the pinnacle of pleasure during your course of intimacy. Here're some places where you can make your man feel absolutely titillated and sexually moved.

Back: The G spot need not be centrally located. There are various pleasure hotspots which one can find out. Caress the back gently with your lips, better still with your tongue. Moist tongue or lips will move your partner and the gestures and emotional currents themselves will tell you whether that touch was a major turn on or not.

Mouth: A kiss indeed sums it up beautifully. And it is this kiss - the lips, the tongue and the pleasure while the lips gently give each a peck that one can know how the touch of the lips turns your man on. Make it a gentle affair with your lips first and then let your tongue explore those lips and the mouth to make him feel the hotspot.

Ears: Not an obvious hotspot, but ears are where lie the points which if titillated can work wonders in your foreplay. Move your tongue close to your ears and explore the outer parts of his ears first gently and do it vigorously if you see him getting turned on.


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Monsoon make-up 101

It may be soggy and dreary outdoors, but your appearance needn't be that way. After all, no matter how beautiful your skin is, monsoon can make it look cakey and unattractive, especially if you go wrong with the makeup. We picked up five makeup essentials that are completely indispensable this season. Here goes...

Say no to foundation Always remember, when it comes to monsoon and makeup, less is more. Go for a light base primer (oil-free) and use powder to keep it in place. Although most women prefer cream-based makeup, it's advisable to avoid them, as the skin may look sweaty and unsightly. Make matte primer your best friend this season for an even coverage and blemish-free look.

Bright eye colours? Yes! Opt for bright hues like turquoise, teal, blue and orange in eye shadows. If you wish to go lighter on your eyes, go for pop coloured eye pencils. Mascara isn't a great make-up accessory during monsoon, but you can choose a waterproof one if you must. Rain-smudged kohl will also darken your eyes. Keep your brows in shape so you don't have to deal with dripping eyebrow pencil colour.

Pink lips Avoid glossy lip-colours and switch to matte lipsticks during monsoon to keep your appearance neat. If you are going bold on the eyes, go easy on the lips. In case you're going for an evening soiree, apply a bit of a gloss in the middle to make the lips look fuller. Bright lip shades look best during monsoons so bring out those hot pinks, ruby reds and warm browns!

Tame the mane Monsoon can play havoc on your hair making it frizzy and dull. Use a frizz- free serum to tame your hair. A ponytail (make it on the side for a funkier look) will save you on a bad hair day. You can also twist the front layers of your hair and tie it back in an elegant bun. Curl your hair and leave it open for an effortlessly casual daytime look.

Rain-kissed cheeks For a subtle tint on your cheekbones, opt for a cream-based blush in shades of pink, coral and red. But then again, moderation is the key. Some light strokes on the cheekbones will do the trick. If the blush gets smeared in the rain, use a blotting paper to absorb the water. Do not rub it or apply powder, as it will only make it look worse. Simply wipe away the smudged portion and leave it at that.


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Recipe: Prawn patia

This Persian delicacy is a hot favorite with non-vegetarians

Ingredients:
Dry roast 1 tsp cumin seeds, 1 tsp coriander seeds and 1/2 tsp fennel seeds. Cool and then grind them into a powder.
Squeeze some lime juice and salt on the shrimp and set it aside. Also, make a wet paste of two cups of chopped red onion, four green chili, two ginger and about four cloves of garlic, 3 tbsp yogurt and a little bit of water.

Method:
Heat a frying pan, then toast 1/2 tsp of cumin seed, 1/2 tsp of coriander seed and 1/4 tsp of fennel seeds. Add oil, and then add 1/2 tsp of mustard seed, 1/4 tsp of paprika and 1/4 tsp of red chili powder. When the spices start popping, lower the heat and add the wet onion paste. Fry this for about 20 to 25 minutes in medium heat, till you see it turning golden and there is no raw smell. This will need some time, so make it a point not to try and hasten the process. Now add the dry roasted spice powder, 1 tbsp of tomato puree, 1 tsp of white vinegar, salt and sugar to taste. Fry for 5 more minutes. Afterwards, add about 1/2 cup of water and let the gravy come to a simmer. Add the shrimp but do not overcook it. When the shrimp is done, garnish with some finely chopped coriander and serve with hot rice.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/followceleb.cms?alias=yogurt,rice,recipe,prawn,Persian


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Revealed: How you chose your husband

What sounds better: a pizza that is 90 per cent fat free or a pizza with 10 per cent fat? You would rush for the pizza with first message although the choice is the same. The same principle applies when you choose your mate!

This is what scientists called 'framing effect' that comes in the picture when we choose a partner.

And the 'framing effect' is even stronger in women than it is for men.

"When it comes to mate selection, women are more attuned to negatively framed information due to an evolutionary phenomenon called 'parental investment theory'," explained Gad Saad, a marketing professor at Concordia University in Canada.

Choosing someone who might be a poor provider or an unloving father would have serious consequences for a woman and for her offspring.

"So we hypothesised that women would naturally be more leery of negatively framed information when evaluating a prospective mate," Saad added.

To prove their point, Saad and co-author Tripat Gill from Wilfrid Laurier University called on hundreds of young men and women.

Participants were given positively and negatively framed descriptions of potential partners.

They evaluated both high-quality and low-quality prospective mates for these attributes - in the context of a short-term fling or a long-term relationship.

More often than not, women said they were far less likely to date the potential mates described in the negatively framed descriptions.

Women also proved more susceptible to framing effects in attributes like ambition and earning potential, while men responded more strongly to framing when physical attractiveness was described, the study noted.

"The findings highlights how an evolutionary lens could help explain the biologicial origins of seemingly "irrational" decision-making biases like the framing effect," Gill maintained.

The findings were published in the journal Evolution and Human Behaviour.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/followceleb.cms?alias=Women,relationship,Partner,Marriage,Love


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Deal with recurring back pain

Back pain, if not dealt with in time, can be dangerous.

Back pain is one of the most common problems urban Indians are facing these days. And more often than not it has just to do with your lifestyle habits. Here is how you can avoid having a back pain.

Correct your posture
Crouching or slumping forward on your chair is something which should be avoided. Sit straight, move often and keep your shoulders upright. A correct posture is something that can help immensely.

Loosen up stiff muscles
Back pain can be a result of stiff muscles. Loosen them by lying flat on yor back and stretching each knee with respective hands towards your chest. Stretching the legs help in loosening up the muscles and help in the back pain.

Hot and cold treatment
Treat your soar back with hot and cold massage. Take a bag of ice and massage your back with it one day. The next day for a hot massage.

Be active
Being physically active is the key. If yours is a job that requires you to sit for long hours, then do some basic exercise, go jogging or early morning walks. They surely help.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/followceleb.cms?alias=Stretch,jogging,Job,exercise,back pain


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